Native American Indians

Native American Indians have lived in the United States for thousands of years. They are believed to have been the first settlers in America. Back in the time when they settled in America, their society was well-knit and intact. Men and women assumed typical gender roles with men taking to hunting and protecting the community and women caring for children and doing house chores. The women also tended to farms.

The Native American Indians were also involved in art, men wove baskets in some tribes. The diet for the Native American Indians was largely composed of meat. They consumed buffalo and deer meat and also ate fish and a variety of birds. They also ate various fruits, vegetables, cereals and legumes such as melons, berries, nuts, corn, squash and beans. The berries were additionally used to dye clothing. The Native American Indian community lived in peace for many years but in the late 1800s, they began to face a myriad of problems and struggles. These continued through to the 1900s and beyond. The community had to fight to protect their land as a number of US governments had passed laws prompting their removal from the United States.

Many Indians lost their lives in some of these battles that turned bloody. One of the worst battles that the Native American Indians had to face was one dubbed, ‘The Trail of Tears’. This resulted from the signing of a treaty in 1830 and 1839 to remove Indians. The Cherokee, one of the Indian tribes in America, was forced to give up the land it had occupied in the Eastern part of the Mississippi River and move to a place in the present day Oklahoma. The treaty was enacted by Andrew Jackson. It had devastating effects with scores of Indians losing their lives in the process.

By the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Native American Indians had occupied lands in the areas of Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama and North Carolina but by the end of that decade, very few Native American Indians remained in the Southeastern areas of the United States. The federal government had forced them to migrate to the specially designated Indian location across the Mississippi River. The government was working on behalf of white settlers who were interested in cultivating cotton in those Southeastern areas they had occupied. The Native American Indians have over the years adopted American culture with some becoming Christians. There are about 560 tribes of Native American Indians.